The food that human beings consume has to be digested for which the stomach is known to produce the acid Hydrochloric Acid [HCl]. This acid is a very important acid, which is necessary for digestion. The food gets broken down by the help of this acid. But in certain conditions there is an excess secretion of this acid. That is the time when you feel heartburn and an irritating feeling in esophagus. Such a condition is referred to as acidity. In short, acidity is the excess of gastric glands in the stomach. Acidity is a health problem that is very common and is considered quite dangerous if not treated. The reason for this can be improper diet and stress as well.

Causes of acidity

  • Some of the common reasons for acidity are less consumption of adequate water, improper eating habits, insufficient chewing of the food, etc.
  • Another cause of acidity is the consumption of spicy and junk foods.
  • If you consume food too fast and especially in a bad mood, it can lead to acidity.
  • Excessive drinking of alcohol and smoking are the leading causes of acidity.
  • Sometimes consumption of heavy meal can also create acid.
  • You should never skip breakfast as this can cause acidity and also not having food for a very long period can lead to acidity.
  • An incorrect combination of food items can lead to acidity.
  • You may consume milk during night time thinking that it might soothe the stomach, but this is a very wrong thinking as the stomach will produce excess acid due to the consumption of milk. It can cause heartburn at night.
  • The production of acid is also encouraged by the consumption of caffeine.
  • Stomach acid is produced much more when the food goes into the stomach. For digesting food, the canal of the stomach gets opened and then gastrin, which is a type of hormone is released by the parietal cells. The secretion of stomach acid is promoted by gastrin.

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Symptoms of acidity

  • A sensation of burning inside the stomach
  • Blenching that is sour
  • A sensation of nausea
  • Heartburn
  • Burping
  • Not so much interest in food items
  • Dyspepsia
  • Insufficient weight
  • Coughing
  • Problems in the respiratory glands
  • Vomiting
  • Insufficient weight
  • Formation of gas in the stomach
  • Stomach and chest pain

Precautions for acidity

  • Understanding the reasons of excess acid in the stomach is important. Sometimes, a change in the lifestyle can help in restoring the proper levels of acid in the stomach.
  • One of the main causes of stomach acid is dehydration. Water is said to have a neutral pH which means that it is not an acid and not even a base. Your body should consist of adequate quantity of water so that the acidity in the stomach is regulated by it naturally.
  • Excessive antacid tablets should never be consumed as this can affect your nutrition and digestion. If you are experiencing consistent symptoms of stomach acid, you should consult with your physician.
  • Milk is never advised as a solution for the long run. Milk augments the production of acid in the stomach. Initially, milk helps in soothing the stomach but is not at all recommended for the long run. Rather, you can consume orange juice, which can initially be a little painful, but in the long run will help in reducing the production of acid.
Natural treatment for acidity
  • Basil leaves are incorporated with medicinal properties which will provide anyone with instant relief from nausea, acidity and gas. When you eat basil leaves, you have to chew them properly. Basil leaves can also be boiled in a cup for fifteen minutes and then be consumed.
  • Cinnamon has anti-viral and healing properties which are very effective for getting rid of acidity. Moreover, it acts as an antacid and helps in improving the digestive health.
  • Another simple yet very effective remedy for treating acidity is the consumption of buttermilk. It consists of lactic acid, which helps in normalizing the acidity in your stomach. Buttermilk can be bought or also you can do it by yourself.
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